Back and spine disorders are one of the most common illnesses seen by general practitioners. The majority of these major back conditions, on the other hand, can be successfully treated without the use of surgery. In most cases, non-invasive therapies such as physiotherapy, heat, and anti-inflammatory drugs are successful in treating minor problems. If nothing else works and your condition is deteriorating or your lifestyle is being jeopardized, your doctor will suggest back surgery.
Most spine surgeons are either orthopedic or neurosurgeons who specialize in spinal disorders. If you are planning to opt for spine surgery in India, Dr Mohana Rao is one of the best neurosurgeon in Andhra Pradesh.
The most common reason for spine surgery is to alleviate pain caused by compressed nerves in the spine. Compression of these nerves can occur as a result of:
Disk problems – The rubbery disks that separate the vertebral bones of the spine can bulge out or rupture, putting pressure on or pinching a spinal nerve. This can result in a loss of function, discomfort, and/or numbness.
Bone Overgrowth – Some disorders, such as osteoarthritis, may cause bone spurs to form on the spine. Excessive bone growths can constrict the space inside the spinal column, making it difficult for nerves to move through.
While some neurosurgeons believe that a patient requires surgery, others may disagree or even doubt whether surgery is necessary. As a result, it’s a good idea to seek the advice of at least two spine surgeons before deciding to undergo surgery. There are always advantages to surgery, such as reduced discomfort, enhanced mobility, reduced reliance on anti-inflammatory medications, and increased freedom. After spine surgery, you will be able to return to your normal routine and function within a few weeks or months.
However, just like any other surgery, there are some minor risks associated with spine surgery. An allergic reaction to the anesthetic or other medications, blood clot formation in the lungs or legs, bleeding, heart attack, or stroke are all possibilities. These reactions can occur after any surgery, not just spine surgeries. Furthermore, spine surgeries can result in herniated disks or nerve damage, which can cause limb weakening, loss of bladder or bowel control, paralysis, and more pain.
The patient’s general health, as well as the type of operation being performed, influence the likelihood of complications. If you’re planning on having spinal surgery in Andhra Pradesh, however, you shouldn’t be concerned. Dr. Rao’s Hospital, which is located in this city, has a team of neurologists and neurosurgeons who are experts in conducting successful spine surgeries.
Spine Care Guide
Following are the 5 major tips shared by a spine surgeon from Dr. Rao’s Hospital, Andhra Pradesh-
Exercise is crucial for maintaining a healthy spine, and it can also help with the recovery of a damaged spine. You don’t have to be an expert in physical health to benefit your spine by exercising regularly. A basic workout routine focusing on stretching and strengthening the back, hamstrings, and abdominal muscles will help you achieve the following goals:
- Nutrients are delivered to the spinal disks and soft tissues.
- Reducing inflammation and speeding up your recovery
- Maintaining the integrity of your muscles, ligaments, and joints
Some people tend to work out in the morning, while others prefer to do so in the evening. You’ll need to do some trial and error to work out the right time to exercise. Always remember to take it slowly and, if possible, seek advice from a qualified professional.
- Take a look at how you’re sitting.
Your spine has a series of natural curves, and if your sitting posture does not support these arches, your sensitive spinal nerves can be damaged over time. Sitting raises the load on your spinal discs by 40%, which can cause them to herniate and cause spinal nerve inflammation or compression over time.
Take the time to change your office chair and desk and make them ergonomically aligned to support your back if you have a job that requires a lot of sitting. Working at a stand-up desk or sitting on an exercise ball for a portion of the day are two other choices. Every hour, it’s also important to stretch and walk around.
- Go for a walk to help support your spine
Walking has several advantages, including:
- Strengthening the core muscles that hold your body upright and providing nutrients to your spinal soft tissues
- Increasing the spine’s versatility
- Increasing the level of equilibrium
- Increasing the strength of the bones
If you’re experiencing discomfort, consult your doctor before beginning any new walking program. A doctor’s prescription is usually for you to walk as much as you can tolerate. Start with a few short walks each day rather than a single long walk if you’re new to walking or struggling with pain.
- Make good food choices
Your normal diet has a major impact on the health of your spine. Limit your diet to foods found in nature, such as fruits, vegetables, meats, whole grains, and legumes, which are high in antioxidants and anti-inflammatory compounds.
Oatmeal, for example, is rich in calcium and other nutrients and vitamins, which can help avoid osteoporosis and osteoarthritis of the spine.
Eventually, strive to avoid processed foods and restrict unhealthy treats to a once-in-a-while indulgence. A balanced diet will help you maintain a healthy weight over time, reducing pressure on your spine and reducing back pain.
- Use heat therapy to relieve pain.
Heat is applied to the muscles around your spine to improve blood flow, which adds healing nutrients to your muscles. Heat treatment can also help with discomfort from the muscles and joints around the back, as well as muscle spasms.
Heat therapy can be applied locally in a variety of ways. Heating pads, heat wraps that stick to your lower back and provide a low degree of heat for many hours, warm gel packs, hot water bottles, or a warm bath are all good options. Since heat therapy is primarily a matter of personal choice, you might need to experiment with a few different methods to find the one that works best for you.